Lene Rachel Andersen, Economist, philosopher, author, lecturer, futurist
As we made it from the agricultural economy to the industrial economy, there were many physical needs that had to be met, i.e. poverty, malnutrition if not hunger, diseases, high child mortality etc. In other words: it was easy to find needs and create useful projects that could be turned into jobs.

Now we suffer from over consumption and calories are so cheap we die from eating too many.

We even have to keep consuming in order to stay employed and keep the economy growing because jobs are being laid off to robots and software.

Which needs for human labor do you see coming out of the digital economy?
Many thanks for your question and interest in our paper Lene.

We studied the change in employment in England and Wales between 1871 and 2011, covering both the industrial and 'digital' revolutions. While some of the examples we use, especially in showing how technology has supplanted labour as a source of energy, emphasise the effects of industrialisation, we do study more recent changes in employment too.

Table 1 in the paper: www2.deloitte.com/uk/en/p...people
shows the fastest growing and fastest shrinking UK occupations between 1992 and 2014. The table shows a strong rise in employment in the caring occupations with more nurses, teachers and care and community workers.

Among the fastest shrinking jobs, we not only see occupations demanding manual labour but also those requiring the routine application of cognitive skills such as typing and secretarial work. Industrialisation meant that machines took over from humans in doing manual tasks. In the digital age machines are mastering the provision of routine cognitive skills too.
Continue reading...